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100 років тому


october 15, 1916

Armoured cars’ adventures

Petrograd, Oct. 13. The Tsar has received the commander of the British armoured car unit in Russia at the Imperial Headquarters.

The British armoured cars have had exciting times in Turkish Armenia. When they branched off from the main road they had to rely on rough bullock tracks. Some of the mountain gradients were so steep that the cars had to be hauled up by hand and then lowered again by ropes. Rocks on the track caught and ripped the base plates, thus letting out the oil. In a single day 12 cars were damaged, but all except two started again after a couple of hours, thanks to an ingenious patching device, in which ordinary shaving soap was held in position by medical plaster. One driver, unable to obtain either plaster or soap, took six lead bullets, melted them on a “Primus” stove, poured the liquid into a mud moulding, and mended the hole by this means. One squadron took two days to cross a river, the men working the whole time quite naked.

The cars have been in action many times. A most successful attack was made on the Turkish left flank on the village of Norshen. Not only was the village taken, and the enemy dispersed with considerable loss, but the Turkish base in the rear of the position was shelled by the cars’ guns and a magazine was blown up. Before this action the cars ran short of petrol. There was not enough left even for them to retire if attacked. What little petrol was left was gathered from all the cars and put into one armoured car, which was then ostentatiously sent out as though to inspect the road, and thereby suggest to the enemy that an attack was contemplated. The ruse was completely successful.

In the absence of good water (dead bodies filled the streams), tea was sometimes made from water from the radiators of the cars. Cattle obtained from the Kurds furnished welcome meat, while occasional fish diet was provided by firing cartridges in the rivers. One trouble was the extreme coldness of the nights.

One squadron, under Commander Belt, is now operating in Persia on the south of Lake Urumiah. Lieutenant-Commander Dye and Warrant-Officer C J Smith have been awarded the Vladimir Order for meritorious service and bravery. Petty Officers Cox and Macmahon have gained the St George’s Medal.

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100 Years Ago


The bomb has been dropped from a fast patrol vessel which has chased and overtaken the submarine. It explodes beneath the water at a depth which can be regulated. The photograph
shows the wake of the patrol vessel in the foreground.




To the right is a submarine, and above is a "kite-balloon."




Rescues in a gale

January 2, 1915

After being in their open cutter for nearly 12 hours the officers and 68 men of HMS Formidable were rescued by the Brixham fishing smack Providence

Graphic accounts of the rescue work of the trawler were told last night when two warrant officers and 68 seamen rescued by the trawler were landed. It seems that the trawler was running for shelter in the gale. Seas were running mountains high at the time. It was about 9 o’clock yesterday morning when the third hand sighted a battleship’s cutter and called the captain and mate on deck. To their amazement they discovered that it was full of men who were almost swamped time after time by the high seas. The skipper had to take a second reef in the mainsail and set the storm jib before he could being his craft alongside, a work of extreme danger.

Four times he manoeuvred his ship before he could get alongside the cutter. A warp was passed round the capstan and by careful seamanship the cutter was hauled in to her stern and the exhausted men clambered from one boat into the other. The cutter was in constant danger of being stove in against the side of the smack. A lad of 18 was unable to move from the cutter and had to be lifted out, while a seaman had his fingers crushed between the cutter and the side of the smack. It was fully half an hour before the men had been transferred to the rescuing ship. All of them were in a terrible state of exhaustion and many had scarcely a rag of clothing on their backs. The trawler’s crew did all in their power for the comfort of the unhappy survivors, who, when they reached port and were put ashore, received every consideration from the inhabitants.

The Western Daily Mercury, of Plymouth, gives the following account of the rescue by the trawler: After being in their open cutter for nearly 12 hours the officers and 68 men of HMS Formidable were rescued by the Brixham fishing smack Providence, owned and skippered by William Pillar, some 15 miles from Berry Head. They were bearing west- north-west. The Providence was running before a gale to Brixham for shelter, and when off the Start had to heave to owing to the force of the wind. She had just previously been struck by heavy seas, and when on the starboard tack Jack Clark, the third hand, noticed an open boat under the lee of the smack. He shouted to his captain and his mate, the latter named S. Carter, to jump up, saying “Here’s a sight under our lee!”

They were amazed to see a small open boat driving through the mountainous seas with one oar hoisted as a staff from which was flying a sailor’s scarf. The little cutter was hidden from view for minutes together in the seething foam. Captain Pilar swung the Providence clear. The crew, with almost superhuman efforts, took another reef in the mainsail and set the storm jib, for until that had been done it would have been disastrous to have attempted a rescue.

Meanwhile the cutter drifted towards them, although at times they lost sight of her in the heavy sea. Clark climbed the rigging, and presently discovered the cutter braving the storm just to leeward of his boat. The captain decided to gybe - a perilous manoeuvre in such weather, since the mast was liable to give way. Four times did the gallant smacksmen seek to get a rope to the cutter. Each effort was more difficult than the last, but in the end they obtained a good berth on the port tack. A small warp was thrown and caught by the sailors. This they made fast round the stem of the capstan and with great skill the cutter was hauled to a berth at the stern. The warp was passed round to the leeside and the cutter brought up to the lee quarter. Then the naval men began to jump on board; but even now there was danger of losing men as the seas were rising some thirty feet high at times. The rescues from the cutter to the smack took thirty minutes to accomplish. A lad of 18 having suffered from exposure required immediate treatment on board to save his life. The officer in charge of the cutter Torpedo-Gunner Harrigan, was the last to leave, and he found himself clutching the mizen-rigging to get aboard the Providence.

This accomplished, the cutter’s rope was then cut. She was full of water, having a hole under her hull. This had been stuffed with a pair of pants, of which one of her seamen had divested himself for the purpose. One of the n ha his inans jacket between the cutter and the fishing smack. Those of the rescued men who were wearing no trousers were accommodated in the engine-room and the others in the cabin and the fish-hold. All had been rescued by 1 o’clock and a course was then shaped for Brixham.

The needs of the men were attended to on board the Providence. All the food she carried was fairly divided and all the cigarettes and tobacco possessed by her crew were shared amongst the benumbed sailors. They were also regaled with hot coffee. Near Brixham the Providence fell in with the Dencade, which took her in tow, and she was berthed at the pier. Residents of Brixham brought blankets, clothing and boots to the survivors, for a great number of them were without coats or footwear. They were soon hosted in comfortable quarters. Their plight was simply indescribable. For hours they had been battling against the storm, hoping against hope until the brown sails of the Providence hove in sight. During the height of the storm they were almost continuously engulfed by great waves. The officer in charge of the cutter commended the gallant seamanship of the Brixham fishermen, and characterized it as being beyond all praise.

“It blew as hard this morning as it had ever blown,” remarked one of the weather-beaten fishermen, to which a bare-footed bluejacket, with a safety belt around his neck, replied: “Here we are again; undress uniform, swimming costume!” The Providence’s trawl net was lying about the deck with fish still in its folds, but the four men who manned her were proud that they were the means of snatching 70 of the Formidable’s men from a watery grave.

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На 940-й річниці фото були зроблені з іншого боку поля - на жаль, набагато далі від його краю, так що в кадрі забагато глядачів - але деякі фото все одно цікаві

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Звичайно, вона відбувається щороку, в середині жовтня, і збирає з усієї Європи реконструкторів військової справи рубежа Раннього й Високого Середньовіччя. Але на круглі дати імпреза буває найкращою за числом учасників.

Головне, щоб з погодою пощастило - а нам пощастило. Спершу прогнози показували дощ весь день, але він вилився трохи раніше, і хоча нас трохи побризгало дорогою до Батл (бо битва була досить далеченько від Гастінгса, просто тоді поряд не було нічого помітнішого, а потім виросло це містечко, навколо абатства на місці битви), коли ми туди доїхали (десь опівдні, а почалося там з 10-ї ранку), то було вже сонечко

Ну власне фото все розказують самі. Сюжет головної вистави відомий

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100 Years Ago




How the Arabia was lost

November 14, 1916

From our correspondent, Marseilles. Nov. 13. Shortly after 6 o’clock this morning the Messageries Maritimes steamer Ernest Simon, with 30 survivors of the Arabia taken aboard at Malta, was signalled approaching. A launch was dispatched, by Mr Estrine, the P and O agent, and the survivors were conveyed to the company’s boat Sardinia until the special train which was to take them straight to Boulogne was ready. The passengers, especially the ladies, bore unmistakable marks of their terrible ordeal.

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SURVIVORS OF THE "CALIFORNIA." The three children (Margaret Little, aged 9; Mary, aged 3, and Andrew, 13 months), whose mother and eldest sister were drowned




The California, torpedoed without warning

February 9, 1917

The Anchor liner California, a vessel of nearly 9,000 tons, was torpedoed without warning and sunk by a German submarine on Wednesday morning while on a voyage from New York to Glasgow. According to the latest information, 43 persons are missing -13 passengers, among whom are seven women and four children, and 30 of the crew. A number of the missing are believed to have been killed by the explosion; many of the crew and one passenger were injured.

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Torpedoed 126 miles from land

February 6, 1917

The Secretary of the Admiralty issued the following announcement last night: The British steamship City of Birmingham was torpedoed without warning on November 27 last by an enemy submarine when 126 miles from the nearest land. She carried a crew of 145 and 170 passengers, of whom 90 were women and children.

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100 Years Ago


The hundredth day

october 8, 1916

Yesterday was the hundredth day of the Battle of the Somme, which surpasses in magnitude and intensity any previous conflict in the history of the world, and has effectually shattered the modern legend of German invincibility in war. Throughout the battle the enemy have mainly sought to preserve their reputation, not in open fighting, but in skilfully constructed refuges far below the earth’s surface. No retreat, however deep and cunningly devised, has availed them against the crushing fire of the Allied artillery and the irresistible onslaughts of the British and French infantry. On the first day of the battle they were driven from elaborate works, which they believed to be impregnable, and the hundredth day found them still falling back. They have often been tenacious in defence, and it is fair to acknowledge that on Saturday night they retained sufficient resolution to deliver a counter-attack which had a small measure of success. On Saturday afternoon, evidently owing to an improvement in the weather, Sir Douglas Haig was able to renew his advance in the direction of Bapaume. He attacked on a front of rather more than four miles, from the Albert-Bapaume road to the village of Lesbeoufs. Between that village and Gueudecourt the line was advanced from six hundred to a thousand yards. The steady forward sweep of the British Army has brought it within three miles of Bapaume. In conjunction with the British attack, the French made a brilliant advance north-east of Morval. This extremely satisfactory operation, which marks the steady progress of the joint offensive, may be the prelude of further triumphs.

Should events of still greater magnitude occur in the Somme area, there is some danger lest the natural elation already justly prevalent may tend to obscure the broader realities of the war. It cannot be too often urged that we have to face even greater sacrifices than those already made, if we are to secure the full fruits of the Allied victories on the Somme. While we rejoice that we are slowly weakening the enemy on the Western front, we should recognize that they still enjoy marked advantages elsewhere. The only way to form a just estimate of the course of the war is to examine it as a whole, and to take calm and balanced views.


Crofters and service

October 10, 1916

To the Editor of The Times. Sir, It is daily becoming more apparent how difficult it is to find men for the ranks of the Army and, at the same time, to leave the country with sufficient labour to cultivate the land. The Government have appointed a committee to “comb out” various trades. This will not improve matters for agriculture. In the Highlands and West of Scotland there are thousands of able-bodied young crofters now being exempted from service by tribunals, on the grounds that they are engaged in farming. It would be interesting to investigate what their “agriculture” consists of. For the most part a crofter has some subsidiary occupations, such as fishing, carting, or letting his house to summer visitors. A crofter’s farming operations do little more than feed himself and family, and by selling the few head of stock bred on the croft he raises sufficient money to pay his very small rent.

If the Government’s object is not only to provide men to fight, but also to maintain, or increase, the food of the people, then would it not be more true economy to enrol these crofters as soldiers to work upon the farms in England than to leave them alone in the highlands to scratch a poor soil? Their livestock might be put in charge of one selected local farmer. The rents of the crofts would be met from proceeds in the management of the stock, and the homes of the crofters would be maintained from the same funds. At the end of the war a similar head of stock would be delivered back to the crofters.

As things are now, it would seem that a great waste exists in leaving these fine, able-bodied men to struggle along under the poorest possible conditions of agriculture, and all the while contributing nothing of consequence to the nation’s food supply, whereas, by organization and enrolment for war service, they would be made available to help the farmers in the best cereal-producing parts of the country; and in themselves these crofters would each be worth half a dozen or more of the inexperienced town-dwellers and women now employed upon the land.

I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedient servant, agricola.


Airmen stranded in the desert

OCTOBER 10, 1916

The death of Second Lieutenant Stewart Gordon Ridley, Royal Flying Corps, in the Libyan Desert at the age of 19 was announced in The Times of June 28. The circumstances in which he laid down his life are now known, and in the opinion of his squadron commander and of the captain of the Imperial Camel Corps, who had charge of the search for him and for J A Garside, a mechanic who was with him, they show that Mr Ridley shot himself, and that this act was one of self-sacrifice prompted by the hope of saving his subordinate. Mr Ridley, who had landed in Egypt at the beginning of June, was sent out on June 14 from an oasis in the desert as escort to another pilot, who took with him the mechanic. They were to fly to an advanced landing ground, to which supplies been been sent, and were to do reconnaissance work. They failed to find the appointed station, and, as darkness was approaching, landed without being certain of their position. Next morning the engine of Mr Ridley’s aeroplane would not start, and a slight fault was found in it. The other pilot decided to go back alone to the base, leaving all the food and water which they had. It was arranged that he should return on the following day and take Mr Ridley and the mechanic separately to the landing ground. When he arrived again at the place he found that they had gone, leaving some odds and ends, but no message. Search was made, and it was ascertained that they had flown 25 miles, landed, and flown on again after having patched up the machine. Nothing more was discovered until June 20, when the aeroplane and the bodies of the two men were found by a search party.

In a rough diary kept by Garside it was recorded that an unsuccessful attempt to start the engine had been made in the morning of June 18, and that later in the day, on Mr Ridley’s suggestion, they had walked to some hills and returned exhausted. “Hardly any water — about a spoonful. Mr Ridley shot himself at 10.30 whilst my back was turned. No water all day; don’t know how to go on; feeling very weak; wish someone would come; cannot last much longer.” On the 19th, Garside had written a few more lines, concluding: “Could last days if had water.” It was in the afternoon of the next day that the bodies were found.
Експонати на період з Пемброкського замку й Астон Холла в Бірмінгемі (обидва були під облогою від військ парламенту під час домової війни в 17 ст - в Астон Холлі навіть зберегли те місце на сходах, куди влучило гарматне ядро)


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Астон Холл

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